Brazil is a developing country with a mixed economic structure to support the nation. The country’s nominal GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is the 12th largest and 8th largest for PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) in the world. The agricultural exports have been the biggest economy booster in the country with bursts of demand rise in the global market of various agricultural products at various times; from sugar to coffee, they have done it all including a small era of the mining boom in between. In the 20th century, the Brazilian government is strongly encouraged manufacturing to reduce the high dependence on exports, particularly argo. The growth is fluctuating and unstable.
To begin with, Brazil’s lower economic class had not been able to recover from the 2015 crisis. The arrival of the pandemic has only pushed the country into economical trenches. Over 80% of the labour market which make up about a quarter of the country’s active workforce, is suspected to face bankruptcy. Average household per capita income has dropped, and the poverty rates have increased. To help the country out of this trench, multiple temporary yet long term measures have been undertaken. There have also been fiscal health plans that have shown promisingly positive effects along with a temporary reduction of import tax to 0%.
By the third quarter, there was 7.7% growth in real GDP of which 7.6% growth was observed in private consumption which contributes to two-thirds of the GDP figure but a 2.1% decline in export due to stagnant demand in global consumption along with other factors have dragged down the overall percentage of growth. But the growth is feeble as other areas are facing uncertainties. The unemployment rate was observed as 13.3% in June but increased to 14.6% in September.
Another development that has taken over Brazil is that of the IT sector which outgrew the global average of 6.7% growth in 2018 by 3.1%. The Brazilian IT sector ranks 9th on the global scale and about 95% of it comprises small business. Among these companies, cloud computing has a major trend of being adopted for IaaS followed by a promising rise of SaaS use.
These enterprises saw a boom in the global market which has been the source of heavy help to the national economy (attributing to the growth in the third quarter of 2020). The overall condition of Brazil is still poor and can only be improved by pulling a lot of the informally occupational population into a better financial condition.
Network Information System (NIS)
The aim of running a local area network is to provide users with an infrastructure that allows the network to become unified, making data e.g. the account information of the user to be synchronized across all hosts in the network.
Sun Microsystems built NIS, a network administration system for smaller networks, with a new version of NIS+ that adds more protection. Each host client or server device in the network is aware of the entire system it is a part of thanks to NIS. With a single set of credentials, a user on any host may access files or applications on any other host in the network.
NIS is based on Remote Procedure Call (RPC) and is made up of a server, a client-side library, and several administrative tools. NIS+ is widely used in combination with its NFS as a solution for Windows PC and workstation networks. NIS servers store information in databases often called maps. Each map has its own master server, which is in charge of making all information available to users when they need it and keeping it up to date. Slave servers can be set up to keep copies of the master’s database to handle requests when the master becomes busy.
For a client to make use of NIS, it must be running two daemons; “portmap” which allows applications running on the NIS client system to get the information of the network from the server, and “ypbind” referred to as the client daemon itself.